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Politics

San Francisco will allow noncitizens to vote in a local election, creating a new immigration flashpoint

San
Francisco in November will become the largest city in the nation to
allow noncitizens the chance to vote in a local election, making the
city once again a flashpoint in the debate about immigration.

Noncitizens,
including those without legal status, will be allowed to vote only in a
school board race and just a little more than 40 have registered to
vote so far.

Still,
the decision carries major symbolic force and has become the latest
punching bag for conservatives who already are using California’s
efforts to protect people in this country illegally from President
Trump’s immigration crackdown as a political issue in the midterm
election.

California
has gone further than any other state in offering opportunities to
those here illegally, including providing special driver’s licenses,
college tuition breaks and child healthcare. Voting has been a more
sensitive topic, but experts said it fits both the larger political
trends in California as well as the conservative backlash.

“It
will speak to that sort of sense that change is coming to the United
States and that change is being done extralegally somehow,” said Louis
DeSipio, a professor of political science at UC Irvine.

It’s
no surprise San Francisco’s action will further rally conservatives,
who are also using the exodus of thousands of Central Americans headed
to the U.S. border en masse as an issue, said Robin Hvidston, executive
director of We the People Rising, a Claremont organization that lobbies
for stricter immigration enforcement.

“Noncitizen
voting is a very contentious issue,” Hvidston said. “The move to extend
voting rights to those illegally residing in San Francisco has the
potential to backfire among citizens with a moderate stance on illegal
immigration.”

In
the last week, alt-right publications, anti-illegal immigration
activists and nationalist online chat rooms have grabbed on to the
issue. A tweet posted this week by World Net Daily to promote a story
about the election reads: “The gates have now been opened to letting
non-citizens to vote. Is this the beginning of the end?”

Conservative Assemblyman Travis Allen chimed in, tweeting: “****ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS NOW VOTING in @GavinNewsom‘s
San Francisco**** Non-citizens now ‘eligible’ to vote in November’s
local election due to Democrat ordinance. The CA Democrat Party has gone
too far. It’s time we TAKE BACK CALIFORNIA!!”

Shamann
Walton, a San Francisco Unified School District commissioner who
introduced a resolution to the school board in support of the measure in
2016, said he doesn’t buy into the rhetoric from the right.

“At the end of the day, for me it’s important that families who have children in our schools … have a say,” he said.

San Francisco will become the first city in California and one of only a handful nationwide to allow noncitizens to vote in a local election in November. They’re only allowed to vote in the school board race.
San
Francisco will become the first city in California and one of only a
handful nationwide to allow noncitizens to vote in a local election in
November. They’re only allowed to vote in the school board race. (Josh
Edelson / For The Times)

The
San Francisco Unified School District doesn’t keep track of how many of
its students or parents are noncitizens. The district website reports
that 29% of its 54,063 students are English-language learners — an
indication of the size of the district’s immigrant population. An
estimated 35,000 people without legal status live in San Francisco,
according to a 2017 Pew Research report.

The
city’s voters approved the measure two years ago during the same
election as Donald Trump’s presidential victory that would lead to an
immigration crackdown and intensified rhetoric against people living in
the country illegally.

As
a result, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors passed an ordinance in
May requiring a notice to be included with every registration affidavit
and other election material that informs voters that their information
could reach U.S. immigration officials, said John Arntz, director of San
Francisco’s Department of Elections.

“I
share the same fear [as] our undocumented residents,” Walton said. “I
don’t expect people to rush to the polls and give the federal government
the opportunity to attack our city residents.”

As
of Tuesday afternoon, 42 noncitizens had registered to vote in the
local election, Arntz said. The registration deadline was Monday, but
the state also allows people to conditionally register and vote on
election day.

Noncitizens
who register to vote in the school board race must give their name,
address and date of birth. They can’t vote in state or federal elections
and are listed on a separate roster from U.S. citizens. Noncitizens are
given a ballot with only the school board contest.

Noncitizen voting has been an issue for the last several years, especially in communities with large immigrant populations.

Advocates
who support giving noncitizens the right to vote in local elections
have said it gives this population more of a stake in their communities.
Voter apathy is high in some of these areas, a condition that can allow
corruption to run rampant, as shown in the Southern California city of
Bell, which was marred by scandal and criminal convictions of city
leaders nearly a decade ago.

Los
Angeles and Orange counties are home to an estimated 1 million people
who are in the country illegally, according to a 2017 Pew Research
Center study. In California, it’s about 2.35 million.

San
Francisco’s expansion of voting rights follows similar actions in
several other cities, said Joshua A. Douglas, a professor at the
University of Kentucky College of Law who specializes in election law
and voting rights

For
years, Takoma Park in Maryland has allowed noncitizens to vote in all
city elections. Two years ago, the Hyattsville City Council in the same
state unanimously voted to allow noncitizens to vote in local elections,
Douglas said.

Some
Massachusetts towns, such as Amherst and Cambridge, have passed
resolutions to support noncitizen voting in local elections, though the
changes haven’t gone into effect. They are still waiting for approval of
state lawmakers, he said.

Noncitizen voting is nothing new, and has a long history in the United States.

“Noncitizen
voting was not considered at all that radical until a backlash during
post World War I,” Douglas said. “It was really the anti-immigrant
sentiment that pulled back against noncitizen voting.”

Ever
since the nation’s founding up to the 1920s, many states allowed
noncitizens to vote in all elections. States amended their laws to take
away voting rights in the aftermath of World War I. Still, noncitizens
could participate in city and school board elections in many areas.

Slowly, there’s been a resurgence to allow noncitizens to vote in more local races, Douglas said.

For
now, it seems, San Francisco’s move turned out to be largely symbolic.
Walton said the resolution was supposed to lead to real change. He said
he never imagined the American people would elect Trump, who has been so
stridently against both legal and illegal immigration. But, Walton
said, it won’t always be this way.

“Trump
will not always be president,” he said. “Hopefully we’ll have leaders
who are inclusive and really believe that if you are a resident of this
country, you should have the same rights as other people. I’m looking
forward to a time when our families will have a bigger voice.”

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